When extreme temperatures are close, it is very vital to make sure that the vehicle antifreeze or coolant level is appropriate. Checking the coolant or antifreeze level is very easy and it might make a big difference on the engine health and proper operations since failures in this area could cause serious damage to it.
First of all, it is imperative to consider that new cars which aren’t more than about five years old usually have a coolant or antifreeze which could lasts more than the rest of the vehicles lifetime, having what is known as extended life antifreeze. This way, if your vehicle belongs to this category it is adviced that you use the proper antifreeze for it or otherwise, if you use a regular antifreeze formulation it might cause damage to the engine.
Extended life antifreeze or coolant does not have the conventional inhibitors which other coolants do. The main difference is that conventional inhibitors would begin to fail at about 24.000 miles while extended life coolants, based on organic technologies, would last for about 150.000 miles.
See Also:How The Cooling System Works
Before you begin checking the coolant level you must always remember to wait until the vehicle is cold. You should never check the coolant system before making sure the system is cold or you could be seriously hurt because of the high temperatures which car fluids can get. In order to check the antifreeze level you should begin by visually inspecting the cooling system. The cooling system should not contain any particle of any kind, and in case it does you should remove them until it is completely clean since very usually engines overheat due to the existence of debris.
It is also necessary to check the tension of the water pump drive belt as well as inspect that the electric fan is functioning normally. Once you have done this, you should also check the radiator and the hoses in order to be sure they are not damaged. Then, you should check the cooling system tank and look the coolant level into it according to the mark it has. If the coolant level is between the mark which says full and the one saying low then it is appropriate, if it doesn’t reach the low mark then you should add some until it reaches the proper level.