Maintenance of machinery and systems on board ships often need dissembling and assembling of parts for repair, cleaning, and lubricating purposes. Those with hands-on experience of repairing ship’s machines know that dissembling machinery is much easier as likened to reassembling. Among the numerous essential things that has to be kept in mind is to ensure that the right part of the machinery has been fitted at the right position while reassembling.
Stated below are ten things which maritime professionals must consider while reassembling any machinery on board ships
- Read the Manual Properly before Starting the Process: Ensure that you are thorough with the manual of the machinery before actually commencing the process of maintenance. You must know which part goes where and the sequence of inserting parts during reassembling. Keep the manual always by your side. When in doubt ask your colleagues instead of assuming, sometimes you might have to carry out the whole process again.
- Use a Base for Parts: While overhauling any machinery, it is better to use brown paper/ cardboard/ wooden plank to keep all the removed parts over it. While assembling it back, it will be easy to figure out if you have left or missed any part during reassembling. Make sure you do not lose any part during the overhauling process.
- Keep Note of the Markings: Most machinery parts normally come with markings for alignment during assembly. Ensure to insert the parts and align them as per the markings.
- Clean Everything, Don’t Miss Out: Note down everything that you have to do before overhauling the machinery to ensure that you do not miss anything. Also ensure that all the internal parts are cleaned off carbon deposit, soot oil or grease before assembling them back.
- Check Records: Check the previous records before renewing parts, especially bearings and bolts for under or oversize aspects. This is important to ensure that you have the right size of spare parts during the overhauling process.
- Check for Defects: Ensure that all the assembling parts/ spare parts of the machinery are tested or do not have any defects. This is important to prevent any breakdown in near future.
- Keep Check on The Torque: Ensure that the assembled parts are tightened as per the required torque provided in the manual. Over or under-torque can result in breaking or loosening of the parts after restarting the machinery.
- Don’t Miss Any Parts Inside: Before boxing up the machinery, check all the internal parts/ space/ crank case/ gear case of the machinery for any leftover tools, rags etc. and remove them if found.
- Open Valves, Check Oil/Water Levels: Once the machinery is fully assembled, ensure to open all the isolated valves and check oil/water levels before starting it. One must also know the right procedure to restart the machinery.
- Check for Any Abnormality: The machinery should be tried out for short period before making it fully operational. During this short time, following things are to be checked: vibrations, vital parameters, sounds and any other abnormality. If any problem is found, the machine should be stopped immediately and its cause should found out by opening the machinery again.