What to know about the Power Steering Pump:
The power steering system permits you to turn the steering wheel without difficulty. When the car is not running, it is extremely tough to turn the steering wheel. When the car is running, it is the power steering system that aids you turn the steering wheel so easily. The power steering system includes: power steering pump, fluid, belt, hoses and steering gear (rack and pinion).
The steering gear joins the steering wheel to the suspension stub axles. When you turn the steering wheel, the power steering pump directs fluid to the steering gear that applies the pressure required to turn the wheels.
If the power steering pump leaks, the steering will become harder to turn. You will see fluid (power steering fluid) underneath your car.
Facts to Note:
When the power steering pump is changed, the power steering belt and hoses should be examined as well.
A mechanic should flush the power steering fluid when changing the pump, and should then add the specific power steering fluid that your system requires.
How to Fix:
Confirm that the power steering pump is bad.
Take out and change power steering pump.
Add power steering fluid and bleed the system if required.
Examine power steering belt and reservoir.
Inspect rack and pinion system.
Check for fluid leaks.
Test drives the car.
Changing the steering fluid on a regular basis can prolong the life of the power steering pump.
Common symptoms indicating you may need to change the Power Steering Pump:
Turning the steering wheel is difficult.
Power steering fluid is leaking.
Groaning-like noise when you turn the steering wheel.
Importance of this service:
The power steering system aids the driver in steering their vehicle. The force required to turn the wheels of a car is very large, which is why it is so hard to turn the steering wheel when your car is turned off. When your vehicle is running, the power steering system aids you get sufficient power to turn the wheels. When you turn your steering wheel, the power steering pump directs steering fluid to the rack and pinion steering gear. In the steering gear, this fluid applies the pressure that is needed to turn the wheels. This makes it so that it is easy for you to turn the steering wheel and control your vehicle.
READ ALSO:WHAT IS THE SERPENTINE/DRIVE BELT
When the power steering pump fails, the system cannot direct fluid to the steering gear, and your steering will be unaided. Driving your car with unassisted steering is not only a hassle, but also unsafe.