Your vehicle’s cooling system parts are what determine whether your cooling system will function. If any part is faulty, your cooling system will be bad and not work to its full capacity. There are two kinds of cooling systems: the liquid cooling systems and air cooling systems. Most cars today have a liquid cooling system that operates to keep your engine from overheating. It helps the engine heat quickly for maximum performance and then keeps it at a constant temperature.
Plumbing is an important part of a liquid cooling system . A centrifugal pump sends the fluid through the engine block. Once there the liquid goes around the cylinders and returns through the cylinder head. After leaving the engine, the liquid gets to the thermostat.
The thermostat regulates the quantity of liquid that is allowed through the radiator. It has sensors that measure how warm the liquid is. If it is cool enough, the thermostat stays closed and sends the liquid back via the engine. As the liquid warms, the thermostat starts to open, allowing the liquid into the radiator.
The radiator assist the liquid cool. Excess heat is taken out of the liquid as it moves through the radiator’s chambers, the heat dissipates along the walls of the chambers. A fan will force cooling from outside the radiator to the inside. Some radiators have a turbulator too. This part disturbs the liquid so that more of it will cool down. Without a turbulator, only the liquid that touches the sides of the radiator will get cool. Once the liquid has moved through the radiator, it leaves and goes back into the engine block. There are sensors that register the liquids heat as it leaves the radiator to go back through the engine.
The engine is the vehicles’s combustion chamber. It can reach 4500 degrees Fahrenheit. If it is not cooled, it can seize and the parts will bind together. The engine is designed so that the liquid can move throughout the chamber to cool these essential parts.
The pressure cap is a small but vital component in your car’s cooling system. It increases the liquids boiling point by increasing pressure. When the pressure is too high, the liquid to hot, the release valve is opened. The excess coolant is released and escapes into the overflow tank. When it cools, it is sucked back into the system, ready to be used again. As the liquid heats and cools, some of it will evaporate. It is important that you have extra water on hand in case your car overheats.
The cooling system is constantly working, going through several activities at once. Each part must perform to its fullest or the car engine will overheat, and may be destroyed. It is easier to fix parts of the cooling system than to buy a new engine.