Damage to a tire or carcass can make the tire useless, even when the tread is hardly worn. A major cause of damage to wheels and tires is debris on the road – this are pieces of broken silencer and objects dropped from trucks and lorries.
Avoiding this calls for a constant lookout while you drive. This can pierce tire treads and sidewalls, and even cut off parts of the carcass of the tire. An ignored cut that has penetrated to the cords will make moisture to enter, and lead to deterioration and rusting of the cords, thus weakening the tire.
With observant driving, hazards can be seen in time and car direction adjusted however, bear in mind that there may be other traffic users close to you – so start by at least slowing down to avoid high-speed impact damage.
Even a small, sharp objects, a natural and invisible hazard on the road too, can cause a puncture or damage. Removing such minor objects out of the tread through regular tire inspections aid to prevent this.
However, if in spite of all precautions, a tire is punctured, never continue driving with it. A proper, permanent repair should be made to the tire as soon as possible.
Also, overloading the car has almost the same effect on the tires as not putting enough air in them. Never pass the stated load capacity of the car or its tires. Check with the car handbook for the maker’s specific figures if there is a doubt
Driving against a high kerb is yet another common cause of ruptured tire and dented or buckled wheels. Same as driving hard over badly broken ground which can have a similar effect.
Tires can be spoilt by the car bodywork. If the car suspension is faulty, the tire may rub against a wheel arch. Or a tire that is too wide or big for the car may rub on parts of the steering or suspension.
Failure to take note of instructions for running tires – restrained driving during the first 50 to 100 miles or so on new tires – does not make the tire and wheel assemblies to settle to their normal running conditions.
During this time, the tire completes some final chemical changes which was started during the molding and curing stages of production. Giving a new tire maximum loading immediately may make it to fail prematurely, and will certainly cut the tire life.
Another thing is pollution in the atmosphere and on road surfaces, particularly in cities is equally harmful to tires. Oil, tar, diesel fuel, petrol and paraffin all seem to soften the rubber, and may penetrate it without notice if not removed immediately.
SEE ALSO:HOW TO CHANGE A FLAT TIRE